تاثیر شکل ذرات محیط متخلخل بر انتشارپذیری طولی: انتقال آلایندهها

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

کارشناس ارشد مهندسی سازه های آبی، مربی، دانشکده کشاورزی مشگین شهر، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

شکل ذرات محیط متخلخل تاثیر بسزایی بر روی جریان و مخصوصاً انتشارپذیری طولی آن دارد. در تحقیق حاضر، طی آزمایشهایی بر روی سه ستون خاک حاوی
ذرات شکسته و تیزگوش ، ماسه بستر رودخانه و ذرات کروی، تاثیر شکل ذرات محیط متخلخل بر روی انتشارپذیری طولی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. با تزریق جریان و
آلاینده ) NaCl ( در پنج سطح سرعت، منحنی رخنه در پنج نقطه در طول جریان به روش سلف پتانسیل استخراج و ضمن شبیهسازی نتایج با نرم افزار FEFLOW ، و با
حل تحلیلی معکوس با نرمافزار CXTFIT2 ، انتشارپذیری طولی تعیین گردید. نتایج آزمایشها نشان داد به ازای سرعت ثابت، محیط با ذرات کروی دارای انتشارپذیری
طولی بیشتر از دو محیط دیگر و در خاکدانه ماسهای بیشتر از ذرات شکسته است که این امر میتواند به دلیل افزایش سطح تماس و همچنین پیچ و خم مسیر با خارج
شدن ذرات از شکل کروی اتفاق افتد. با افزایش سرعت، انتشارپذیری طولی در هر سه محیط کاهش مییابد همچنین هر چه خاکدانهها به شکل کروی نزدیکتر باشند
تاثیر عامل مقیاس بیشتر و با افزایش سرعت، کاهش انتشارپذیری طولی در این خاکدانهها کمتر خواهد بود.

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