نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری منابع آب، گروه مهندسی آب، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه ایران.
2 استادیار، گروه مهندسی آب، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه ایران.
3 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی آب، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Local scouring has been identified as one of the important factors that cause the structure of bridges, breakwaters, and piers to rupture. The complexity of the scouring mechanism has made this one of the most important fields of civil engineering studies. In recent years, many studies have been performed on local scouring around bridge piers. Due to the great importance of predicting and estimating the scour pattern in the vicinity of bridge piers, many studies have been done on this type of structure.
Method: In this study, for the first time, using a new extreme learning machine (ELM) method, the scour depth near the foundations of the twin bridges was simulated. First, effective parameters were identified and four ELM models were developed. Then, numerical results were validated using Monte Carlo simulation and the cross-validation method. Then the sin activation function was determined as the best activation function. In addition, ELM results were compared with artificial neural network (ANN) models that ELM models estimated scour values more accurately. Uncertainty analysis was performed for the superior ELM and ANN models and a relationship was proposed for the superior model. Partial derivative sensitivity analysis (PDSA) was also performed for all input parameters.
Results: Among the existing activation functions, the sin function had the optimal performance compared to other activation functions. According to the analysis of modeling results, ELM 1 model was introduced as the superior model. This model was a function of all input parameters. Also, by removing the landing number, the accuracy of the numerical model was significantly reduced, so the mentioned parameter was identified as the most effective parameter in scouring modeling around the bases of the twin bridges by the model of Strength training machine.
Conclusion: By analyzing the modeling results the superior ELM model was introduced. The results of ELM models were also compared with ANN models, which showed that ELM models simulate scour values more accurately. For the superior ELM model, a relation was proposed to calculate the scour hole depth, and further uncertainty analysis showed that this model had a higher performance than the actual value. In addition, the relative derivative sensitivity analysis for the input parameters showed that with increasing the landing number, the value of the objective function (scour depth) increases.